Aircraft design

Aircraft design

The design of a series aircraft is often based on that of a predecessor in the same series. This article describes a scientific case study of how to design a series aircraft more efficiently.

Request

Intended advantage

Innovation

Ambition

Design series aircraft more efficiently

Performance issues

☐ Scope
☐ Quality
☐ Benefit
☒ Time (1)
☒ Cost (1)
☐ Risk

Time
A Design rework by medior designers takes far more time compared to senior designers

Cost
B The costs of design rework by medior designers are substantially higher compared to senior designers

Assessment

Focus area

Design of an extended aircraft with more passenger seats

Filter

Essential and scarce knowledge for medior designers

Growth objectives

Strategy (1)
Structure
Systems (1)
Style
Specialisms
Skills
Shared values

Strategy
Extend
1 Propose and revise an initial design
(product level, explicit, empirical, not unique)

Systems
Extend
2 Reuse rationale of an earlier design
(product level, implicit, empirical, unique)

Advice

Approach: Concepts

Acquire
Create
Transfer (2)

Transfer
Elicit
2 Reuse rationale of an earlier design
Share
1 Propose and revise an initial design
2 Reuse rationale of an earlier design

Plan: Activities

Stage 1
☐ Elicit (1)
Stage 2
☐ Share (1)

Elicit
Interview and/or observe expert
2 Reuse rationale of an earlier design

Share
Train designers
1 Propose and revise an initial design
2 Reuse rationale of an earlier design

Performance estimates

☐ Scope
☐ Quality
☐ Benefit
☒ Time (1)
☒ Cost (1)
☐ Risk

Time
A Medior designers will need less design rework time

Cost
B The costs of design rework by medior designers will go down

Background research

Frances Brazier, Pieter van Langen, and Jan Treur (1997). A compositional approach to modelling design rationale. AIEDAM 11, 125-139.